Fifth disease Roseola Immunizations have decreased the number of cases of measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox, but all viral skin infections require clinical care by a physician or other healthcare professional. Each of the viral exanthems listed here have a distinct pattern, which can aid in the diagnosis. Measles or Rubeola What is measles rubeola? Rubeola, also called day measles, red measles, or measles, is a very contagious viral illness that results in a distinct rash. It is spread from one child to another through direct contact with discharge from the nose and throat, or via air-borne droplets from an infected child.
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References Because childhood rashes may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation to help make the appropriate diagnosis. Considerations include the appearance and location of the rash; the clinical course; and associated symptoms, such as pruritus or fever. A fever is likely to occur with roseola, erythema infectiosum fifth disease , and scarlet fever. Pruritus sometimes occurs with atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, erythema infectiosum, molluscum contagiosum, and tinea infection. The key feature of roseola is a rash presenting after resolution of a high fever, whereas the distinguishing features in pityriasis rosea are a herald patch and a bilateral and symmetric rash in a Christmas tree pattern.
Rash - child under 2 years URL of this page: A skin rash can be: Bumpy Red, skin-colored, or slightly lighter or darker than skin color Scaly Considerations Most bumps and blotches on a newborn baby are harmless and clear up by themselves. The most common skin problem in infants is diaper rash. Diaper rash is an irritation of the skin caused by dampness, urine, or feces.